Metacognition is the executive functions skill that helps you “think about your thinking” and “learn about your learning”. It is the ability to self-monitor when performing a task (e.g., doing a math problem, cleaning up after yourself, learning something new).
When a person has difficulties with metacognition, it may be hard for them to:
notice careless mistakes
realize if their behavior is acceptable
realize if their behavior isn’t acceptable
adjust their behavior if told that it isn’t appropriate
be aware of their own thinking
know how they learn best